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Alabama Warrant Search

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Registered Licenses is not a consumer reporting agency as defined by the Fair Credit Reporting Act (“FCRA”). You understand and acknowledge that these reports are NOT “consumer reports” as defined by the FCRA. Your access and use of a report is subject to our Terms of Service and you expressly acknowledge that you are prohibited from using this service and this report to determine an individual’s eligibility for credit, insurance, employment or any other purpose regulated by the FCRA.

Are Alabama Warrants Public?

Yes, most warrants in Alabama are open to the public, per the Alabama Open Records Act. Anyone can view and take a copy of the warrant except as otherwise expressly provided by statute. However, there are instances where warrants may not be subject to disclosure. For example, the criminal complaint supporting an unexecuted arrest warrant is closed to the public. In this case, the complaint becomes public once a law enforcement officer executes the warrant. Warrants are usually held by law enforcement agencies and local courts, and they may be featured within a person’s Alabama criminal record. However, they may not be used to establish the guilt of the record holder.

What is Considered a Warrant in Alabama?

In Alabama, a warrant is a legal authorization that allows law enforcement officers to carry out actions that would otherwise be illegal. It provides protection from damages to the person carrying out the order contained in the warrant. In Alabama, judges and magistrates are examples of legal authorities that are competent to issue warrants of any kind.

A warrant issued by the state courts can come in various forms to serve different judicial purposes. They can be arrests, search aliases, and bench warrants. Others include Capias or Capias Pro Fine Warrants, Civil Capias Warrants, Fugitive, and Governor’s Warrants. State residents may find themselves under an apprehension order, an order to search their property, arrest them, or some other reason.

A warrant is issued where there are sufficient facts to show that an offense was committed and there is probable cause to show that the accused is guilty. The warrant must identify the subject’s name, but a fictitious name will suffice if they are unknown. If a fictitious name is used, the warrant is regarded as a John Doe warrant and must include a physical description of the person in question.

How to Find Out if You Have a Warrant in Alabama?

If a person in Alabama has a warrant out on them, it means that a judge has signed a document that allows police officers to arrest and bring them to court. The police may also use court warrants to place suspects in jail and search their residences for more evidence. There are two main ways to check if a warrant has been issued against a person:

  • Search from law enforcement agencies
  • Alabama Warrant Search by Counties
  • Alabama Background Check System

Individuals who want to find out if there is a warrant against them may contact the nearest police station for inquiries. A less direct approach is to search on the internet for an online database that contains outstanding warrants. An example is the US Drug Enforcement Administration which allows a search on its website for fugitives with federal warrants issued against them.

Alternatively, search the United States Marshals website for a list of fugitives with outstanding warrants under Alabama’s jurisdiction. It is possible to conduct an Alabama Warrant Search by county, as some counties, such as Barbour County, Calhoun County, Dale County, and Etowah County, maintain records of existing warrants.

The Alabama Law Enforcement Agency (ALEA) also allows persons to access current criminal records, including warrants of subjects, through the Alabama Background Check System. To do this, fill out and submit an application form, provide a photo ID, and pay a $25 money order or cashier’s check to complete this process. Persons who have reason to believe that they have an outstanding warrant in Alabama may need to contact an attorney. This will help them to better understand their rights and responsibilities to the state of Alabama when there is a warrant out in their name.

Records of warrants issued or executed in various jurisdictions are also maintained by third-party websites. While third-party sites make accessing these records substantially easier, the information available on the sites may vary since they are not government-run sources. To obtain warrant records from a third-party site, the requesting party may be required to provide:

  • The personal information of the alleged suspect
  • Information regarding the issuing officer
  • The location where the warrant was issued.
Alabama Warrant Search by CountyCounty District Court AddressContact Number
Autauga County District Court134 North Court Street, Suite 101
Prattville, AL 36067
(334) 361-3701
Baldwin County District Court1 Courthouse Square
Bay Minette, AL 36507
(251) 580-1695
Barbour County District Court (Clayton)P.O. Box 398
Clayton, AL 36016-0398
(334) 775-3203
Bibb County District Court103 Davidson Drive
Centreville, AL 35042
(205) 926-3114
Blount County District Court220 Second Avenue East, Room 106
Oneonta, AL 35121
(256) 625-4160
Bullock County District CourtP.O. Box 472
Union Springs, AL 36089-0472
(334) 738-3883
Butler County District CourtP.O. Box 756
Greenville, AL 36037-0756
(334) 382-3612
Calhoun County District Court1702 Noble Street
Anniston, AL 36201-3889
(256) 241-2800
Chambers County District Court18 Alabama Avenue
LaFayette, AL 36862
(334) 864-4341
Cherokee County District CourtMain Street
Centre, AL 35960
(256) 927-3668
Chilton County District CourtP.O. Box 1948
Clanton, AL 35046
(205) 755-1551
Choctaw County District Court117 South Mulberry Avenue
Butler, AL 36904-2557
(205) 459-2100
Clarke County District CourtP.O. Box 548
Grove Hill, AL 36451-0548
(334) 275-3507
Clay County District CourtP.O. Box 187
Ashland, AL 36251-0187
(256) 354-7888
Cleburne County District Court120 Vickery Street
Heflin, AL 36264
(256) 463-5655
Coffee County District Court2 County Complex
New Brockton, AL 36351-9791
(334) 894-5556
Colbert County District Court201 North Main Street
Tuscumbia, AL 35674-2042
(256) 386-8500
Conecuh County District CourtP.O. Box 347
Evergreen, AL 36401-0347
(251) 578-2421
Coosa County District CourtP.O. Box 218
Rockford, AL 35136-0218
(205) 377-2420
Covington County District Court260 Hillcrest Drive, P.O. Box 188
Andalusia, AL 36420
(334) 428-2610
Crenshaw CountyP.O. Box 227
Luverne, AL 36049-0227
(334) 335-6568
Cullman County500 Second Avenue SW, Room 202
Cullman, AL 35055-4136
(256) 739-3530
Dale County1702 Hwy 123 South, Suite C
Ozark, AL 36360-0819
(334) 774-6025
Dallas CountyP.O. Box 997
Selma, AL 36702-0997
(334) 874-2560
De Kalb County111 Grand Avenue, SW Suite 200
Fort Payne, AL 35967
(256) 845-8500
Elmore CountyP.O. Box B
Wetumpka, AL 36092
(334) 567-1159
Escambia CountyP.O. Box 848
Brewton, AL 36427-0848
(251) 867-0300
Etowah County800 Forrest Avenue
Gadsden, AL 35901-3641
(256) 549-5300
Fayette County103 First Avenue, NW – Suite 2
Fayette, AL 35555
(205) 932-4510
Franklin CountyP.O. Box 1028
Russellville, AL 35653
(256) 332-8850
Geneva CountyP.O. Box 430
Geneva, AL 36340-0430
(334) 684-5610
Greene CountyP.O. Box 656
Eutaw, AL 35462-0656
(205) 372-3349
Hale County1000 Main Street
Greensboro, AL 36744
(334) 624-8740
Henry County101 Court Square, Suite A
Abbeville, AL 36310
(334) 585-3257
Houston CountyP.O. Box 6406
Dothan, AL 36302-6406
(334) 677-4741
Jackson CountyP.O. Box 128
Scottsboro, AL 35768-0128
(256) 574-9280
Jefferson County716 Richard Arrington Jr. Blvd North
Birmingham, AL 35203-0100
(205) 325-5301

How Long Does a Warrant Stay Active in Alabama?

Depending on the nature of the charge, a warrant may or may not expire. For instance, most warrants issued over felony charges do not expire. On the other hand, Misdemeanor warrants have a validity period that lasts 180 days or one year from the day it was issued. Yet, even when it expires, it can be re-issued upon a request from a relevant law enforcement agency. So, the warrant technically does not go away.

The consequences of an individual having a warrant on them are that they can be arrested at any place, be it work, school, or a party. So, a person that evades arrest for several years may be caught up by a routine stop by the police. It is important to note that where law enforcement gets a warrant and fails to execute it, the warrant may no longer be valid because the information used to obtain it is stale. Trying to wait out or evade a warrant is often a bad idea, as both local and federal law enforcement agencies work together.

The agencies use the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) database to search for warrants and other records of the persons they stop. Persons who suspect that they have a warrant need to confirm from relevant authorities and take steps to deal with the situation. If it is confirmed that there is an active warrant, it is best to clear it up by contacting the court that issued the warrant or the relevant law enforcement agency. The willingness to resolve this issue is in the suspect’s favor, especially if there are charges involved.

How Long Does It Take to Get a Warrant in Alabama?

It takes about 45 minutes to 1 hour to file a warrant at the court after the matter has been reported to the police. However, the warrant will be issued in a few hours if there is probable cause that the person named in the complaint committed an offense.

How Do Search Warrants Work in Alabama?

As provided by Rule 3.6 of the Alabama Rules of Criminal Procedure, an Alabama Search Warrant is a written order signed by a judge or magistrate upon the request of a District Attorney or law enforcement officer. It is issued in the name of the state or municipality and empowers law enforcement officers to search a person or property to find evidence of a crime.

According to Rule 3.8 of the Alabama Rules of Criminal Procedure, the grounds upon which a search warrant may be issued for a property are:

  • Where the property sought was or is expected to be obtained unlawfully
  • Where it is to be used to commit an offense under the Alabama State laws
  • If the property in question is in possession of a person with the intent of committing a criminal offense with it
  • The property is evidence of a criminal offense

As such, when there are reasons to believe a probable cause, a judge or magistrate may issue a warrant describing the person and property to be searched. Under Rule 3.10 of the Alabama Rules of Criminal Procedure, the officer must search within ten days and bring an inventory of the property searched before the court that issued the warrant. A search warrant must also be executed in the daytime unless the property in question is an explosive, controlled substance, or a weapon of mass destruction.

How Does an Alabama Search Warrant Become Invalid?

The Fourth Amendment is the principal authority that may render an Alabama Search Warrant invalid. It provides that citizens of the United States are protected from unreasonable searches and seizures. The failure to follow any of the laid down procedures necessary to obtain a search warrant may also render it invalid. Under the Alabama Rules of Criminal Procedure, if any of the following criteria are absent, a search warrant may be invalid:

  • The search warrant must be sworn to under oath and contain all information enough to convince a judge or magistrate that there is probable cause.
  • Information contained in the “Affidavit in Support of Search Warrant” must be legally obtained.
  • The information contained in the affidavit must be recent
  • Where the information is from an anonymous source, it must be reliable
  • Probable cause must be present

How to Conduct an Active Warrant Search in Alabama

A record seeker can conduct an active warrant search online or in person at County Sheriff's Offices. For example, Mobile County Sheriff’s Office (MCSO) has a Warrant Search tool that can be used to search for active warrants in the county. To locate the tool, click “RESOURCES’ at the top bar and select “WARRANT SEARCH” from the drop-down menu. Click on the “I AGREE” button to access the search for active arrest warrants by First Name, Last Name, driver's License Number, Social Security Number, or Date of Birth. The search tool can also perform partial name searches. The search results reveal a warrant number, first name, last name, mugshot, race, gender, date of birth, charge, and bond amount. Alternatively, an active warrant search can be conducted by visiting the Sheriff's Office during business hours. The requester would have to provide the name or the date of birth of the subject of the warrant. The Office is located at:

Mobile County Sheriff’s Office
510 South Royal St
Mobile, AL 36603
Phone: (251) 574-7827

Free Warrant Search Options in Alabama

A free warrant search can be done online or in person at the Sheriff’s Office in the county where the warrant was issued. For example, if the warrant was issued in Morgan County, requesters can check the Warrant List on the Sheriff's Office website for free. A search can be conducted by name or date. Warrant information can also be sorted from newest to oldest and vice versa. The search results typically reveal the fugitive’s full name, age, date, bond, and charges.

Also, the requester can visit the Sheriff's Office to view warrants for free. Requesters would need to provide a name or warrant number to complete the search. Charges only apply when copies of warrants are requested. The Office is located at:

Morgan County Sheriff's Office
119 Lee Street NE
Decatur, AL 35601
Phone: (256) 351-4800

Alabama Arrest Warrants: Rules of Procedure

An arrest warrant in Alabama is a document issued by a judge or magistrate that empowers law enforcement officers to arrest a person concerning a crime. Under Rule 3.1 of the Alabama Rules of Criminal Procedure, it is issued where probable cause is shown, under oath, that the person named on the warrant has committed a crime. By the provision of Rule 3.2 of the Alabama Rules of Criminal Procedure, the arrest warrant shall contain the name of the accused person and, where the name is unknown, a description.

It shall also contain the offense with which the accused is charged and command that the accused is arrested and brought before the court. If the offense is bailable, the arrest warrant may state the conditions for the release of the accused, usually by self-recognizance or by bond. Rule 3.5 of the Alabama Rules of Criminal Procedure provides that a defect in form does not invalidate an arrest warrant. Instead, it may be amended to remedy the defect.

Child Support Arrest Warrants in Alabama: What You Need to Know

A Child Support Arrest Warrant is an order by a judge or a magistrate to arrest a person for offenses bothering child support. It is issued when a person who has been ordered by the court to show up for their child support hearing fails to do so. A judge or magistrate may also issue a Child Support Arrest Warrant when a person has not paid child support in a long time or cannot be located. A Child Support Arrest Warrant aims to recover money owed and ensure the defaulting parent keeps up with child support payments in the future.

In Alabama, the Child Support Enforcement Division of the Alabama Department of Human Services (CSED) helps families secure compliance with child support court orders. The Child Support Arrest Warrant is of two kinds: civil and criminal. Most times, the court prefers to issue a civil warrant. Thus, the parent with custody will come before the court with proof that the noncustodial parent has not been paying child support. After observing the facts, the judge or magistrate may issue a warrant for contempt due to non-compliance with the court order of child support. The Noncustodial parent must show up in court to give reasons for their non-compliance. The warrant empowers the law enforcement agency to bring the parent before the court.

A criminal child Support Arrest Warrant arises when the non-payment of child support is regarded as a felony. This usually depends on the amount owed. Where a criminal warrant is issued, the parent is regarded by law as a wanted criminal. If a person is detained because of a Child Support Arrest Warrant issued against them, they will remain in custody until they pay the money ordered by the judge. However, most times, the court is reluctant to jail a parent, as a jailed parent cannot raise the child support money.

Alabama Bench Warrants: Issuing and Arrests

The Code of Alabama defines a bench warrant as one issued by a judge to arrest a person accused of a crime by a grand jury. A judge may issue a bench warrant where a person has violated the rules of the court or is in contempt of court. Two of the ways by which a person can violate court rules are:

  • Where a criminal defendant on bail fails to show up
  • Where a witness under subpoena does not appear for trial

Once this warrant is issued, law enforcement officers may use it to bring the person to court like any other arrest warrant. What makes a bench warrant different from a regular arrest warrant is that the police institute the arrest warrant process where there is probable cause. However, the issuing of a bench warrant is at the discretion of the judge. If a person has a bench warrant issued on them, they need to speak to an attorney for legal advice. A defense attorney may approach the court on their behalf to arrange an appearance before the judge instead of being taken into custody.

Failure to Appear in Alabama: Rules and Consequences

Failure to Appear (FTA) refers to a situation where a person misses a court date. In such circumstances, the court may draw up a criminal charge against the person for not showing up. Under Title 45 of the Code of Alabama, the following consequences may arise from failure to appear:

  • A person released on bail who fails to appear before the court as required shall forfeit the bail security pledged for their release.
  • It may also lead to a change in bail conditions.
  • They shall be guilty of a Class B misdemeanor and be punished under the Alabama Criminal Code or any other applicable law.
  • Such a person shall be arrested and brought before a judicial officer and may face jail time or be made to pay a fine.
  • A person who avoids an FTA warrant may also have their driver’s license suspended. If it is a traffic offense, the court informs the Alabama Department of Public Safety (DPS), which then suspends the license until the original charge is resolved.

How Long Do You Have to Stay in Jail for a Warrant for Missing Court in Alabama?

In Alabama, failure to show up in court is a criminal offense, and the court may issue an arrest warrant against the defaulter. The effect of this warrant is that the police can arrest or jail the person till a judge is available to hear the matter. A person charged with a crime in Alabama and fails to appear for a court date may be charged with the crime of bail jumping in the first or second degree. Under the Code of Alabama, bail jumping is a Class C felony and attracts up to 10 years in prison and a fine that may be up to $15,000.

In the second degree, bail jumping is a Class A misdemeanor, and under the Code of Alabama, it is punishable by up to a year in jail or a fine, up to $6000. However, if the failure to appear was not intentional, the charge will not stick. It is advised that once a person misses a court date, the person should reach out to an attorney for legal advice.

Failure to Pay in Alabama: How It Works

In Alabama, the courts may order an offender to pay fines or restitution. And under Rule 26.11 of the Alabama Rules of Criminal Procedure, the court may order a person’s incarceration for failure to pay their fines. Before passing such an order, the court will hold an Ability to Pay Hearing. If it is clear that the individual could pay but refused to, the court may then grant an incarceration order. The incarceration for nonpayment cannot exceed one day for every $15 of the fine, or one year in total, where the offense is a felony.

No-Knock Warrant in Alabama: General Laws

In Alabama, a No-knock Warrant is a type of warrant issued by a judge or magistrate that authorizes law enforcement officers to enter a person’s property without notifying them by knocking or ringing the doorbell. Often, law enforcement will announce their presence before entry, but in order to protect any evidence on the scene, a No-Knock Warrant becomes necessary. It is based on the belief that the suspect may have found a way to destroy evidence by the time law enforcement identifies themselves. However, given its misuse, the Justice in Policing Act 2020 prohibited the issuance of No-Knock warrants at the federal level. The legislation has encouraged states to follow suit.

How to Perform a Federal Warrant Search

The U.S. Marshals Service allows a selected few to use the Warrant Information System to conduct a federal warrant search. Requesters can also use the “Most Wanted” services available on the Federal Bureau of Investigation website to perform a federal warrant search. Alternatively, requesters can visit federal law enforcement agencies during business hours to request warrants. Inspection of federal warrants might be for free, but retrieving a copy comes at a cost.

Does Alabama DMV Check for Warrants?

Yes, because the Alabama DMV will run an NCIC check on every driver's license or ID applicant. Applicants with active felony warrants will be arrested on the spot and held for transfer to the jurisdiction holding the warrant. However, those with active warrants involving misdemeanors will be advised to turn themselves in. Generally, the presence of an active warrant will lead to the suspension of a driver’s license.