Alabama Court Records

Why Alabama Court Records are Available to the Public?

In 1923, the Alabama State Legislature passed a law named the Alabama Public Records Law. This law was enabled with the last changes in 2004 and aims to ensure disclosure of court records and other public records to the public.

What Court Records Access Means To You?

The Alabama Public Records Law is a series of laws designed to guarantee that the public has access to the records of government bodies at all levels, and people’s conduct in Alabama. This law is found at statutes 36.12.40-41 and 41.13.1 - 41.13.44 of the Code of Alabama. The law was first enacted in 1923 and changed in 1983, and then in 2004.

Accountability to the Public

When the legislature enacted Alabama Public Records Law, it significantly declared access to information that causes concern for the conduct of the people’s business. This is a fundamental and necessary right of every person in this state, Alabama-FOIA-Laws. Indeed, in Alabama access to the government and court, records, in particular, is a fundamental interest in citizenship and has emphasized that maxim disclosure of the conduct of governmental operations to now be promoted by the act. By promoting prompt public access to government records, the Alabama Public Records Law is intentional for the safeguard of the government to the public.

How the Alabama Court Process Functions?

Most cases in the Alabama courts began in one of the 67 superior or trial courts. They are found along with the state’s 67 counties.

The next level of judicial authority resides with the Court of Appeals. Most cases before the Court of Appeals involves the review of a superior court decision being contested by a party involved in the case.

The Supreme Court serves as the highest court in the state and has the discretion to review decisions of the Court of Appeals to settle important questions of law and to resolve conflicts among the Court of Appeals.

Some differences Between Civil Court and Small Claims Court

 Court

Small Claims

Civil

Appeal

Only the party who was sued can file an appeal. The person who filed the claim cannot appeal.

Either party can appeal.

Attorney Representation

You cannot have a lawyer file your papers or go to court with you – except for an appeal.

You can have a lawyer file your papers and go to court for you.

Filling fee for either the defendant or the plaintiff’s claim

$30 -$100 per claim

$180 - $320 per claim

Pretrial Discovery allowed

No

Yes

How long to complete your case

30-70 days after the complaint

120 days after you file the complaint

 

You do not need to have a U.S. citizenship to file or defend a case in Small Claims Court. If you do not speak English well, bring someone who speaks English well. You can ask the judge if that person can serve as your interpreter. The court cannot give you an interpreter.

You can find an interpreter by using the Alabama Courts Interpreter Search page. Also, see the web page with interpreter information on this website http://www.albit.state.al.us/

How Alabama Court Records Are Structured?

The court records category is made up of civil and small claims matters.

Civil cases are matters where the petitioner is seeking more than $250,000. Close to 200,000 unlimited civil court records are filed with the courts annually. Civil cases also include other types of disputes that do not involve money, like cases to resolve (or “quiet”) title to real property, cases asking for civil restraining orders and requests to change your name or your child’s name.

  • Auto Torts
  • Other Personal Injury / Property
    Damage / Wrongful Death
  • Other Tort
  • Other Civil
  • Contracts
  • Real Property
  • Employment
  • Enforcement of Judgment
  • Unlawful Detainers
  • Judicial Review
  • Complex Litigation
  • Small Claims Appeals

Small Claims Court filings are cases where the petitioner is seeking $3,000 or less and is not represented by counsel. Close to 200,000 of small claims cases are filed statewide every year.

Here are some examples of common Small Claims Court cases:

  • Your former landlord refuses to return the security deposit you paid.
  • Any tenant deputies that will not exceed $3,000.
  • Someone dents your fender and refuses to pay for the repairs.
  • Your new TV does not work, and the store will not fix it.
  • Your tenant caused damage to the apartment, and the repairs cost more than their security deposit (Note: You cannot use small claims court to evict someone.).
  • You lent money to a friend, and he/she refuses to pay you back.
  • Any personal injuries that will not exceed $3,000.
  • Small Claims Court can also order a defendant to do something, as long as the claim is also asking for money. For example, the court can cancel a contract or the court can order your neighbor to pay you for your lawn mower or order them to return it to you right away.

 

 

Alabama State Archives

State Archives

Results Include

Full State Record Report:

  • Name
  • Location
  • Case Number
  • Case Summary
  • Docket
  • Police Report
  • Court Documents
  • Legal Records
  • Case File
  • Statements
  • Transcripts
  • Legal Forms
  • Case Notes
  • Disposition
  • Trial Records
  • Arbitration
  • Case Evidence
  • Witnesses
  • Interviews
  • Descriptions
  • Mugshots
  • Charges
  • Legal Motions
  • Attorney Records
  • Prosecution Records
Alabama Marion Perry County Courthouse 1856

Alabama Marion Perry County Courthouse 1856

  • State Archives hold over 470 cubic feet of records.
  • There are 544 judges employed in the State courts.
  • There are 2 levels of Courts: trial and appellate.
  • There are 67 Trial courts in Alabama: one in each county.
  • There are 2 types of Court of Appeal in Alabama: Alabama Court of Civil Appeals and Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals.
  • The highest Court in Alabama is the Alabama Supreme Court.
  • Alabama Votes
  • Best
  • AL Coastal Foundation
  • Rural
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